At least 85,000 people have been forcibly disappeared by parties active in the Syria conflict from March 2011 until August 2017, according to a human rights monitor.
A report by the Syrian Network for Human Rights highlighted the issue stating that forcible disappearances have become a weapon of war used by various parties to the conflict.
The report, which was issued on Wednesday, said that the Syrian regime was responsible for the disappearance of at least 76,656 people, including 1,116 children and 4,219 women. The Islamic State (ISIS) terrorist organization was responsible for the disappearance of at least 4,698 people, including 204 children and 182 women.
It indicated there was 1,121 people, including seven children and 12 women, who had disappeared with the Jabhat Fatah al-Sham group (formerly the Nusra Front), while the Kurdish Self-Administration forces had been responsible for at least 1,143 people, including 22 children and 33 women. The armed opposition groups were meanwhile responsible for the disappearance of at least 1,418 people, including 178 children and 364 women.
According to the report, the largest portion of forcibly disappeared victims were from the Damascus countryside, followed by Daraa and Damascus provinces.
The report noted that the arbitrary arrests documented over the last seven years were closer to mafia kidnapping operations and were carried out through checkpoints or raids without arrest warrants, and that prisoners were prohibited from communicating with their families or lawyers. It added that authorities would refuse to acknowledge holding them. According to the report, most arrest cases were upgraded to the state of forced disappearance.
The report was based on interviews conducted by the Syrian Network for Human Rights team with families of the victims of forced disappearance or their friends who were witnesses to the arrests.
The report blamed the Syrian regime for 90 percent of the forced disappearances, and said that it was the primary and first party who began to conduct forced disappearances against the opposition from March 2011. It has since used the practice systematically against the full spectrum of the Syrian people as a weapon of war connected to killings, sexual violence and material blackmail.
This article was translated and edited by The Syrian Observer. Responsibility for the information and views set out in this article lies entirely with the author.