SDF Screens, Treats ISIS ‘Caliphate’ Survivors

As US-backed forces close in on the Islamic State, the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces are trying to run humanitarian and military operations concurrently writes Asharq al-Awsat.

US-backed forces in eastern Syria on Tuesday screened and treated truckloads of suspected militants and relatives who left a village where the ISIS terrorist group’s “caliphate” is making its last stand. 

The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) struggled to cope with the flow of people exiting the very last shred of a once-sprawling proto-state that claimed dominion over millions of people. 

Several thousand of them are believed to remain in a last redoubt which has been shrunk to about half a square kilometer on the edge of Baghouz, a hamlet by the Euphrates river.

SDF forces and medics were treating the last batch of more than 2,000 people who were trucked in from the front line to a desert screening point at night.

An AFP reporter saw an 11-year-old girl who had lost her leg, a small child with a broken hand and his pregnant mother as well as others who had suffered wounds from landmine explosions and bombardment. 

Kurdish fighters there said 30 people, mostly women, had already been sent on to other facilities for treatment, and that a total of 300 had received emergency care.

Their accounts of the makeshift camp in Baghouz where the SDF says around 5,000 people remain describe a death trap of disease and starvation.

Many of the women told AFP they were not able to leave earlier for lack of funds to pay the smugglers who spirit groups out of the besieged area. 

“Inside, there is nothing but hunger,” said one of them. 

Next to her, two famished, dust-caked children were spooning out jam from a pot with their grimy fingers. 

Nearby in the chaotic SDF outpost, a woman from Kazakhstan was walking around asking people if they knew whether meals would be handed out soon.

The number of people trapped in the last ISIS pocket near the Iraqi border has exceeded all estimates from a month ago, when SDF forces looked poised to complete their takeover. 

The SDF, which has spearheaded the fight against ISIS in Syria since 2015, has complained that the burden was too heavy and urged the world to scale up its humanitarian effort. 

Many of the civilians and fighters emerging from the ruins of the ISIS “caliphate” are foreigners whose countries of origin are reluctant to repatriate. 

According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitor, around 50,000 people have quit the last ISIS pocket in the Euphrates Valley since December 2018.

Among them are up to 5,000 suspected ISIS members, while most of the rest are their relatives. 

After being vetted, women, children, and men not suspected of belonging to the extremist group are transported north to the Kurdish-run camp of Al-Hol, while suspected militants are sent to SDF-held detention centers.

More evacuations are likely in the coming days but SDF forces, with backing from the US-led coalition and its aerial might, are then expected to move in and flush out any diehard ISIS fighters. 

Kurdish foreign affairs official Abdel Karim Omar said Monday that the SDF would announce the end of the ISIS proto-state “in the next few days”.

“But this does not mean that we have eliminated terrorism, which must be eradicated at the roots,” he said. 

Beyond Baghouz, ISIS still has thousands of fighters and sleeper cells across several countries.

In Syria, it retains a presence in the vast Badia desert, and the militants have claimed deadly attacks in SDF-held territory.

 

Responsibility for the information and views set out in this article lies entirely with the author.

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