Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces head Salem al-Meslet on Sunday said that the United States must pressure the Bashar al-Assad regime to accept a political transition in the war-torn country.
Speaking to Anadolu Agency (AA), Meslet said: “The coalition believes that countries taking an active role in Syria, especially the U.S., must put more political, legal and economic pressure on the regime.”
He noted that by handling the Syrian issue, the U.S. stands to gain significant humanitarian success.
The United States and several Western allies have accused the Syrian regime’s head Bashar al-Assad of deliberately delaying the drafting of a new constitution to waste time.
A council resolution adopted in December 2015 unanimously endorsed a road map to peace in Syria that was approved in Geneva on June 30, 2012, by representatives of the United Nations, the Arab League, the European Union, Turkey, and all five permanent United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members – the U.S., Russia, China, France, and Britain.
It calls for a Syrian-led political process starting with the establishment of a transitional governing body, followed by the drafting of a new constitution and ending with U.N.-supervised elections. The resolution says the free and fair elections should meet “the highest international standards” of transparency and accountability, with all Syrians – including members of the diaspora – eligible to participate.
At a Russian-hosted Syrian peace conference in January 2018, an agreement was reached to form a 150-member committee to draft a new constitution, which took until September 2019.
Previous rounds of talks have not brought any substantial progress. The opposition has been demanding a new constitution, while Assad’s regime proposed that the current charter be amended.
Syria has been in a civil war since early 2011 when the regime cracked down on pro-democracy protests.
Around half a million people were killed and more than 12 million were forced to flee their homes, becoming refugees or internally displaced over the past decade, according to the EU.
Turkey hosts the largest number of Syrian refugees of any country in the world, providing international protection to more than 3.6 million who fled the neighboring country.
This article was edited by The Syrian Observer. The Syrian Observer has not verified the content of this story. Responsibility for the information and views set out in this article lies entirely with the author.