Damascus Declaration Presents Roadmap for Peaceful Solution

The Damascus Declaration has proposed a roadmap for an integrated political solution in Syria to move to a civilian, democratic and pluralistic system. The following is the outline of the roadmap

1. Break the siege of the besieged areas, especially in Damascus and Homs, and stop the policy of starvation by securing the entry of humanitarian aid under the auspices of international supervision.

 

2. Stop the use of heavy weapons and warplanes to bomb cities and communities, under international supervision.

 

3. Stop the policy of displacement and return the refugees inside and abroad to their areas without harm.

 

4. Stop the arbitrary arrests and release the hundreds of thousands of prisoners. Reveal the fate of the missing.

 

5. Issue a U.N. Security Council resolution to withdraw foreign fighters from Syria.

 

 

The Damascus Declaration called for the application of the following in the first phase:

 

1. Announce a comprehensive ceasefire resolution at the U.N. Security Council, accompanied by an international force to uphold it.

 

2. Engage in direct negotiations between the representatives of the opposition and the regime, except those who were involved in killing the Syrian people.

 

3. Announce that Bashar Assad will step down along with those who committed massacres against the Syrian people.

 

4. Establish a transitional governing body with full executive powers to run the country. Its main task will be to address the political, administrative and services and to pave the way to enter into the next stage .

 

 

In the second phase, Damascus Declaration called for:

 

1. A national conference for accountability and reconciliation attended by representatives of all the components of the Syrian socity  including the revolution's actors with their military, civil and political goals and slogans. Outline the future of Syria and all its civil, military, security and political institutions and under the aim of keeping Syria's land and people united, as well as maintaining Syria's independence in decision-making.

 

2. Form a national united government where all the components of the Syrian people are represented. The government is responsible for the implementation of the tasks of the next phase.

 

3. Issue a general amnesty for some crimes, clearing the way for more tolerance and unity among the components.

 

 

In the third phase, Damascus Declaration called for:

 

1. The issue of legislative decrees to be presented to the Constituent Assembly later for approval, including an election law based on the new census of the population to determine the Constituent Assembly seats and its distribution among the provinces.

 

2. Elections to a constituent assembly on the country's constitution, and the election of the interim President of the Republic. This operation can be carried out with the help of Arab and international supervision.

 

The Damascus Declaration considered that if the fourth and final of these stages are applied in a satisfactory manner, then we can talk about a new era and get rid of political despotism, restoring the stage that prevailed in Shishakli's post-dictatorship period.

 

 

Perhaps the most important tasks of this phase are determined by the following:

 

1. Elections for a new parliament, elections for the President of the Republic and the formation of a new government.

 

2. Rebuilding the army, the security services and the police in accordance with a national doctrine to protect the country and ensure the safety of its citizens that does not interfere in political affairs, and including the Free Syrian Army's fighters and considering the FSA martyrs and those of the Syrian army. After the completion of this task, each armed group outside this frame will be considered illegal and must hand over its weapons.

 

3. Reconstruction of the destroyed parts of the country according to a national program in collaboration with the U.N. and donor countries.

 

4. Establishing the separation and independence of the three powers in accordance with the new constitution. Restructure state institutions and the abolish all laws and legislative decrees opposing this independence.

 

5. Issuing a law adopting the principle of administrative decentralization in governance.

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